Jordan Bultitude
Teaching the “Imaginary Indian”: The evolution of Indigenous-settler relationships in Canadian history curricula
Mentor: Dr. Doug Munroe
In 2015, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada released its documentation regarding the settler-driven cultural genocide of Indigenous peoples through the Indian Residential School (IRS) system. However, many settlers were unaware of the IRS system during its time of operation. How were settlers able to exist without knowing, and what were they told instead? This frame analysis of Canadian secondary school 20th century history textbooks from BC and Ontario demonstrates that while the intention of settlers has improved significantly, often their actions result in merely a different breed of racism, as well as the consistent exclusion of Indigenous voices when storytelling.
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